Factors that Influence the Retention of Rural Health Workers in Siaya County, Kenya

Florence Muindi, Caroline Awour Odandi


In order to survive, organizations need a pool of excellent, talented and productive human capital to work in organizations. Retaining good employees have become the chief concerns of nearly every company in every industry.  The objective of the study was to investigate the factors that influence retention of rural health workers in hospitals in Kenya. The study used descriptive research design. The population comprised of all the medical staff working in hospitals in the one of the Counties in Kenya. The study used stratified sampling to ensure all segment of population were represented.. The study used primary data that was collected through self-administered questionnaires. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics. The study found out that training and development, and career development opportunities are adequate and positively influence retention in the hospitals. Training and development was being used by the hospitals to retain its health workers through proper orientation, releasing employees to attend training and monitoring training and development plans for all employees.  Career development in the hospitals gives the health workers opportunities grow in their careers and achieve career goals.. Compensation does not help in retention of health workers as they were not adequately compensated. This de-motivates the health workers as the rewards offered to employees were not commensurate with market offers in larger towns and therefore they are constantly looking for a new job that will remunerate them according to their work. The management style adopted by the hospital leadership did not encourage retention of staff.  This is especially in terms of fairness, appreciation because of lack involvement in decision making.  The rural environment does not help in retention either.  The nature of work has little room for flexibility in scheduling and that the workload is high due to low staffing levels.

Key words: Employee retention, factors influencing retention 

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